Outline the urban evolution blueprint: wisdom Beijing is in action
Located in the northwest corner of Beijing's four ring road, it is located in the beautiful Haidian park. The park is not conspicuous in Beijing, which is famous for its many places of interest. It is usually only a place for residents to exercise and relax. However, in the Qing Dynasty, the location of Haidian Park was part of the imperial garden, Changchun Garden, where emperor Kangxi used to live and deal with government affairs in summer. The high yield rice seed "Jingxi rice" appeared in the Qing Dynasty, and the legend is that Kangxi was personally nurtured in Changchun Garden.
At the beginning of this century, urban construction in Beijing was constantly accelerating, with large skyscrapers rising. People began to reflect on what kind of cities are livable, friendly and sustainable development. In 2003, in order to beautify the city's appearance and improve the living environment, the Beijing municipal government built a beautiful Haidian park on the Changchun Garden site, providing a rare public green space for the surrounding residents. In recent years, with the deepening of smart city construction, Haidian park has assumed the role of explorer. In the early November 2018, Haidian Park completed the "AI" transformation and became the world's first "AI" park. There are ubiquitous WiFi, motion data evaluation system based on face recognition, which integrates intelligent dimming, video surveillance, intelligent environmental detection, information dissemination and other functions of intelligent street lamps.
It can be said that although the Haidian park is small, it reflects the deep collision between Beijing's thick city and intelligent technology. In the future, Beijing will accelerate the construction of smart city with the goal of becoming a world-class digital eco city, so more changes will appear in every corner of the city.
When city parks embrace intelligence
Behind the transformation of "AI" in Haidian park is a practical exploration of digital transformation of the city. Taking the intelligent street lamp system in the park as an example, it first is a data collection, transmission, integration, intelligent analysis and feedback control system. Through the sensors on the intelligent lampposts, it collects air, sound and light environmental data and monitoring video data in real time. Through the Internet of things, integrated communication module and so on, it is transmitted to the backstage. The database and AI are integrated and analyzed. On this basis, the feedback and control instructions are determined, whether the brightness of street lighting needs to be adjusted, whether the on-site personnel interfere with the noise sources or irregularities, and whether it is necessary to remind the park personnel that the wind and rain are coming.
So many data types and functions, the past practice is to build a set of systems, which is time-consuming and laborious and is not easy to manage centrally. However, the intelligent street lamp system of Haidian Park connects intelligent lighting, information dissemination, environmental monitoring, video surveillance, emergency call and other subsystems to the same management platform, and realizes the intelligent management of unified entrance, unified standard and unified perspective. The management of the park is more convenient and refined.
For Haidian Park, digital transformation is icing on the cake, but in the whole urban park system of Beijing, the value of digital transformation is particularly important. Take only eleven parks in Beijing for example. Among them, there are two World Heritage units in the Summer Palace, Tiantan Park, and eight national key cultural relics protection units such as Jingshan Hill Park, Jingshan Hill and Beijing zoo. There are 210 thousand square meters of ancient buildings, 56 thousand artifacts and 14 thousand ancient trees in these parks. They are extremely precious cultural and natural resources. On the other hand, the reception capacity of these parks is very large. There are one hundred million people's traffic every year, and there are nearly four hundred government reception activities. This poses a huge challenge to the daily management of the park.
According to Zhang Yahong, deputy director of Beijing Park Management Center, Beijing city park has done a lot of digital transformation exploration, established more than 100 systems, but these systems are isolated from each other, unable to share data in real time and conduct unified control. In order to enhance the experience of tourists and better protect public culture and natural resources, the Beijing Park Management Center Co operated with HUAWEI in February 2019 to launch the top-level design of intelligent park construction. The direction of the management of the smart park scenic area will be the big data and digitalization, and the construction of the park intelligent park. Making full use of big data and exploring the value of big data has become an important way to help park improve management efficiency, protect heritage safety, inherit technology and spread culture, and is also the only way to realize the digital transformation of park scenic spots smoothly.
From smart park to smart city
Beijing municipal park is in the process of intelligent transformation. What about Beijing? In fact, in the process of information construction, Beijing has also encountered a similar problem with the park management center, that is, many information systems have been built, but the isolation between the various systems, there is still much room for improvement in the efficiency and quality of service.
For example, in order to facilitate the public's work, the Beijing municipal government launched the "one-stop" system of multi departments centralized office very early. However, in the specific implementation process, because each functional unit has its own independent system, the public often needs to queue up among the windows of the units and submit materials one by one according to the process. In 2016, the Beijing municipal government service center officially started operation, and the situation has fundamentally changed. There are more than 740 examination and approval services in 44 municipal bureaus and 16 districts and counties. No matter how many functional departments are required to examine and approve, the public only needs to queue up and submit materials to a window. This is what the Beijing municipal government advocates for "data walking, people running errands", and truly realizing the "one-stop" service.
Behind the improvement of services, there is technological support. The Beijing municipal government service center adopted the HUAWEI distributed cloud data center scheme at the bottom. The upper tier deployed the cross sectoral data sharing and business collaboration platform, data sharing and business exchange platform, and government collaborative office platform, which integrated and dispersed the data scattered in various departments, and laid the foundation for the "one-stop processing" of the examination and approval departments.
For example, in order to improve the traffic condition, Beijing has many ways to deploy such systems as electronic police, video surveillance, traffic monitoring, violation detection and so on. However, due to the failure of these systems to connect with traffic signals and the existence of technical problems such as intelligent identification and decision optimization, it is still necessary to manually control the traffic lights at the scene. In April 2018, Beijing Traffic Control Bureau tested HUAWEI TrafficGo traffic control optimization plan based on AI algorithm at some intersection. Facts have proved that this scheme reduces the average delay of the main road by 15.2%, and the average speed increases by 15%. The effect is very good. At present, the Beijing traffic control bureau is testing this technology in a larger scope. It hopes to optimize the signal of multiple junctions in real time and improve the capacity of the whole area.
According to Liu Xu, deputy director of the big data construction office of Beijing Municipal Bureau of economic and information technology, Beijing has realized the shortcomings of the information construction in the early stage, is committed to promoting digital transformation, and focuses on building digital platforms. On the way of construction, Beijing has also migrated from the past to the Department centered, business centric and collaborative architecture. In the future, AI will be introduced to improve service capabilities and business experience. In the long run, what is the rule of smart city construction?
The "four steps" route of urban evolution
The general goal of smart city is to improve people's livelihood, and take this as the core to enhance functions and perform quality and efficiency, such as economic regulation, market supervision, social governance, public service, environmental protection, etc. From this point of view, Zhao Dong, director of HUAWEI industry BG industry solutions in China, believes that the general idea of building smart city at this stage is to comprehensively promote the digital transformation of the government and promote the service and business of data. Zhao Dong divided the government's digital transformation into four stages.
The first stage is to build big data platform, do data aggregation, control and integration. Take the Shandong big data management center as an example, with the help of data management and data management services provided by HUAWEI, Shandong has achieved nearly 500 million basic database management and 590 million data open management. The center also realized data sharing with the Beijing big data center through block chain.
The second stage is to expand the online service capability, to provide personalized and diversified services to the public through the integration of data and services, and in the form of "Internet + services". In Guangxi, the local government has built a government service platform, which converged data and business on the same platform, and the public run the "run up to one time", which greatly simplifies the complexity of government services. In this project, HUAWEI provides technical support for the "Internet + government" from the basic data level.
The third stage is to promote digital governance and build "urban intelligent brain". Take the Shenzhen municipal government management and service command center as an example, it is first of all a city's intelligent hub, bringing together cloud, big data, artificial intelligence and other capabilities; daily planning resources, data, manpower and other resources, as well as cross level, cross departmental and cross business management and coordination mechanism; in business, it should connect the "City District Street" units at all levels to achieve the coordinated operation of the three level command center; finally, the "city smart brain" is the carrier of the four abilities of perception, analysis, coordination and command, and it is also the core platform of the city's service and management functions in the intelligent era.
In the third stage, the management and service functions of the city have been improved. Next, we need to consider how to promote social and economic development by digitalization.
Therefore, the fourth stage is to open up the platform capabilities of data and AI to the public, enterprises and research institutions, and release the overall vitality of the digital economy.
The new digital ecological city will be available in the future.
Beijing is not only an ancient and heavily ancient capital, but also an economically developed, civilized and open international metropolis, and there is a clear plan for the construction of smart city based on cloud computing, big data and AI. Beijing's current goal is to build a new digital eco city. We hope to promote the innovation and development of new industries such as big data and AI through "technology + ecology" two wheel drive. This means that in the next few years, Beijing will accelerate the process of digital transformation.
Facing the needs of intelligent development of digital Beijing, Lu Yong, President of HUAWEI regional China, said that HUAWEI has built a cloud based digital platform, integrating IoT, big data, video, converged communications, GIS and other new ICT technologies to open up all kinds of data and drive the digital transformation and intelligent upgrading of the whole industry. HUAWEI digital platform supports the rapid development and flexible deployment of applications, enabling agile innovation in various industries, and achieving cloud, pipe and terminal collaborative optimization through the ubiquitous connection, so as to realize the deep integration of the physical world and the digital world, and help digital Beijing advance to the road of high quality development.
Cloud and AI and other new generation of digital technology are essential for future smart Beijing construction. The degree of cloud in the enterprise determines the process of digital transformation of the industry. Large government and enterprises are gradually building new applications on key business and core business, and building new applications on cloud. The key demand is mainly focused on industry application, full stack AI capability and safety and reliability. HUAWEI has gathered 30 years of experience and ability in the ICT field to open up AI's capabilities. By the end of 2018, HUAWEI cloud had launched more than 160 cloud services and developed 14 industry solutions covering coal chemical, textile, automotive, steel and other fields. At present, HUAWEI's AI capability has been deeply integrated with urban government, urban management, environmental protection water conservancy, industrial manufacturing and other fields closely related to urban construction and industrial development. Recently, HUAWEI also launched the AI native database GaussDB, which converged on cloud, big data and AI technology, showing the first-class innovation ability of Chinese high-tech enterprises in the forefront of ICT technology.
In 2018, HUAWEI also carried out in-depth cooperation with many universities, banks, automobile manufacturers and other units in Beijing. These also laid a good foundation for HUAWEI to participate in the construction of intelligent Beijing.
For a city like Beijing, which is modern and modern, digital and intelligent transformation will make the whole city more friendly, more intelligent and more innovative. Such a Beijing can be expected.