Beijing entered the period of high incidence of mycoplasma pneumonia infection patients for many school-age children or by central heating
Recently, the city shows multiple respiratory pathogen monitoring, the positive rate of mycoplasma detection increased. The reporter learned from the Municipal Center for disease control, as of April 1 11, this year the city received a total of 4 caused by mycoplasma pneumonia from fever epidemic report.
Hospital isolation zone. The Xinhua News Agency for map
Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection
Definition： Mycoplasma pneumoniae is between bacteria and viruses between microorganisms is a common pathogen of acute respiratory tract infection.
Harm： Can cause the trachea and bronchitis, laryngitis, pneumonia and other system organ dysfunction can cause lung, digestive system, such as heart, liver.
Spread: After pathogen infection in respiratory secretions discharged mainly through droplets.
The incidence of: The high season is generally in the autumn and winter, can also cause disease in summer.
Monitor： In recent years, Beijing every year from August to December for the disease epidemic in high season, from October to December for the epidemic peak, decreased significantly after December.
Patient： Judging from the age of 6 to 14 years of age group had the highest positive rate of primary and middle school students. Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection for school-age children, infants clinically atypical; often the incidence of pneumonia mycoplasma infection group, greater risk spread in the students and family members in the class.
The incubation period: With the long incubation period of up to 1 to 3 weeks, the severity of clinical manifestations in a fever, cough is the most common manifestation.
Symptom： Usually at the beginning of the late dry cough, yellow or white phlegm, occasionally in Phlegm Blood, part of children with wheezing symptoms, can cause bronchitis, pneumonia.
Course of treatment： The treatment takes about 2 to 3 weeks of treatment, can also lead to the lack of persistent or recurrent.
Medical treatment: Extrapulmonary complications of mycoplasma pneumonia is an important cause of the delayed healing or exacerbations. Therefore, once diagnosed with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection, should be timely medical treatment and prescribed according to the course of treatment.
Remind: People are generally susceptible to Mycoplasma pneumoniae, easy to cause the aggregation of the epidemic, there is currently no vaccine preventable.
Preventive hygiene ventilation
Maintain good personal hygiene is an important means to prevent infection of mycoplasma pneumonia and other respiratory infectious diseases, the main measures include: improve the physique and immunity; hand washing; keep the environment clean and ventilated; in the high incidence of the disease season should be reduced to crowded places, avoid contact with respiratory tract infection; respiratory tract to maintain good health habits, cough or sneeze, paper towels, towel over his mouth and nose, wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, avoid touching eyes, nose or mouth; symptoms of respiratory tract infection should be at home to rest, and early treatment.
The disease control department to remind the school nurseries, should implement the morning afternoon inspection and absenteeism registration and reporting system in accordance with the requirements for aggregation of fever, in strict accordance with the centralized reporting standards report about fever. That fever or flu like illness, for the first time the children wear masks and isolation, contact with parents, with children medical or home during rest, avoid taking collective activities and in public places. Keep the classrooms, dormitories, canteens and other public places in the air circulation, strengthen the daily ventilation window when the weather permits, maintain indoor air circulation, regular cleaning, keep the environment clean.
Source: Beijing evening news reporter Jia Xiaohong