Tomorrow is prepared pregnant women and pregnant women should pay attention to what China birth defect prevention "?
Tomorrow is the "Chinese prevention of birth defects", China Association of maternal and child health nutrition during pregnancy and maternal and Child Health launched a series of educational activities. Experts said that the implementation of the "comprehensive two child policy, China's elderly pregnant women increased significantly, birth defects prevention and control is also facing more challenges, but maternal and child health care personnel and the public on birth defects, lack of knowledge, therefore, it is necessary for the whole nutrition intervention on pregnant women.
Remind the three birth defects are common
Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, vice president Yin Chenghong said that the causes of birth defects incidence is very complex, both environmental factors, there are genetic factors, as well as the interaction of environmental and genetic factors and many unknown reasons. The types of birth defects are known to have at least 8000 to 10000. Among them, the birth of the obvious birth defects about 250 thousand cases, the most common congenital heart disease, multi finger (toe), cleft lip with or without cleft palate, neural tube malformation.
Neural tube defects: a class is due to congenital defects of neural tube closure in early embryonic development characterized by a failure of the main clinical types including anencephaly, spina bifida and encephalocele.
No brain and severe encephalocele: often cause fetal death and stillbirth, spina bifida and children with mild brain swelling can survive, but because of this congenital disease cannot be cured, often leads to lifelong disability, showed lower limb paralysis, incontinence, mental retardation etc..
Children with spina bifida: complicated by hydrocephalus, most children will die.
The prevention and control of the entire necessary nutrition intervention
Under normal circumstances, the human embryonic neural tube in pregnancy after 21 days (equivalent to 35 days after the last menstrual period) begins to close to 28 days (equivalent to 42 days after the last menstrual period) to complete closure. In the meantime, if the lack of folic acid levels in the body of mother and fetal neural tube closure may appear disorder, which leads to neural tube defects. Therefore, has important significance for the prevention of neural tube defects in compound vitamin periconceptional supplementation with folic acid.
In addition to folic acid supplementation, comprehensive nutrition women will reduce the rate of birth defects. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology No.1 Hospital of Peking University director Yang Huixia said that the balanced nutrition helps female adolescent and young women to achieve good health, is conducive to the future of maternal health; nutritional imbalance can double nutrition burden faced, such as excess nutrients will be increased, and the problem of fetal material in gestational insulin resistance, obesity, pregnancy, macrosomia, lack of nutrition will the offspring birth before and after long-term adverse effects on the growth and development, especially multi nutrient deficiency, due to lack of specific clinical manifestations, is often ignored by people.
A number of studies have shown that in various stages of pregnancy (including pregnancy, pregnancy and lactation) require multiple nutritional adequacy and balanced, to ensure the health of pregnant women and fetus and infants growth and development. Not only that, nutrients also affect female whole life cycle, long-term effects on offspring health nutrition periconception, have important effects on offspring lifetime risk of disease.
Preparation of dietary guidelines for pregnant women
1, adjust to the appropriate level of pre pregnancy weight.
2, eat iron rich foods, choose iodized salt, started 3 months before pregnancy folic acid.
3, ban alcohol and tobacco, maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Pregnant women dietary guidelines
1, folic acid, often eat foods rich in iron, use of iodized salt.
2, severe morning sickness, small meals, ensure that the intake of food containing the necessary amount of carbohydrates.
In late 3, during a moderate intake of milk, fish, poultry, add eggs, lean meat.
4, moderate physical activities, maintaining the appropriate weight gain during pregnancy.
5, ban alcohol and tobacco, happy birth of new life, actively preparing for breastfeeding.
Note: the above are based on the dietary guidelines for the general population