Wang Zhongmin: he helped Liang Qichao compile the dictionary of books and founded the Department of Library Science of Peking University.
Some time ago, I was lucky enough to meet a more than 90 year old old Peking University Intellectual. During his chat with him, he learned about the experience of Chinese famous edition bibliologist, philologist, Dunhuang scholar and library scientist Wang Chung min. At the same time, he also learned the historical experience of Mr. Wang Zhongmin who founded the Department of Library Science of Peking University.
Author: Huang Yongshun
After listening, I have briefly described some experiences and collected some materials, which has corroborated the experience of Mr. Wang Zhongmin and the history of his library science in Peking University. During this process, I also learned about the great contributions made by Mr. Wang Zhongmin in the field of Library Science Education in China.
Wang Zhongmin (1903-1975) Gao Yang, Hebei, has three, number cold Lu. Born in a farming family, the number is three because of third in the family. His father was a village schoolmaster, studying Chinese medicine by himself, and practicing medicine in the village. Wang Zhongmin got the Enlightenment from his father. He studied in Zhili sixth middle school in Baoding in 1921. In 1922, he was wanted in Baoding for his progressive activities and returned to Beijing.
In 1924, Wang Zhongmin was admitted to the Department of Chinese of Beijing Normal University. During the period of reading, I began to compile Lao Tzu's examination, and recorded nearly five hundred books about Lao Tzu. Because of his difficult living conditions at that time, he often wrote articles for magazines, in exchange for his modest remuneration and part-time editors' income to maintain his studies. Poor but hardworking, he got sympathy from Mr. Yuan Tongli, director of Peking library at that time, and introduced him to work in the library in his spare time.
While studying and working, Wang Zhongmin had a strong interest in bibliography. He also had the opportunity to consult Chen Yuan, Yang Shu Da, Fu Zengxiang and rich book collectors in his work. His spirit of studying and his modest attitude were appreciated by the great masters. Thus embarked on the road of bibliography.
In 1927, Wang Zhongmin began to collate Yang Shoujing's memorial to the Haitang, and collected the prefaces and postscript of uncollected books in the book of Japanese visits, and compiled the notes on Japanese visiting books, and compiled the notes on the collation of historical records. Apart from his normal study, he also wrote many papers and helped Liang Qichao compile the dictionary of books. After graduating in 1928, he served as director of the Department of Chinese literature of Hebei University in Baoding and lecturer of Fu Jen University, Beijing. His main work was to organize ancient books and presided over large-scale bibliographies and indexes in the Beihai Library (today's Beijing Library).
In 1930, due to the excellent cataloging work in Beiping library and the publication of Bibliography in Beiping Library Journal, he was appointed as the member of the Peiping library Compilation Committee and head of the index group. In 1934, he was sent abroad. He has collected a large number of valuable documents scattered abroad in the famous libraries of France, Britain, Germany, Italy and the United States, and collated, collected, introduced and studied them.
During his stay in Paris, Mr. Wang Zhongmin was sent to collect catalogues of Paris's Bo Xi and the stolen copies of Dunhuang manuscripts because of his interest in Dunhuang's suicide notes. Since then, he has earned the index of the Dunhuang suicide catalogue. He also selected more valuable papers for microfilm. During this period, he compiled a collection of four books in the Dunhuang manuscripts for a year and published them in 1936. At the same time, he also plans to edit the two draft of "Dunhuang group book collation" and "school supplement". But because of the outbreak of World War II, this work was shelved. In 1939, he was invited by the director of the Far East of Library of Congress, Washington, to go to Washington, Library of Congress to identify the rare books in China. He also wrote more than 1600 essays, entitled "the book of rare books hidden in the United States Library of Congress". Later, it was included in the summary of China's rare books.
In 1941, the book was sent to Shanghai from the library of the Peiping library, which was threatened by the war. Yuan Tongli, the curator, asked the ambassador to the United States, Hu Shi, to deposit the book in the United States. Wang Zhongmin risked his life to go to Shanghai to rescue three hundred boxes of rare books, open the box and pick up more than 2720 boxes into one hundred boxes. After the curator of Yuan Tongli, he was secretly transported to the United States and temporarily hidden in the Far East of the US Library of Congress.
Wang Zhongmin's works
In February 1947, Wang Zhongmin returned from Washington D.C. to be the director of the reference group of Beiping library. In the same year, he proposed to Hu Shi, who was president of Peking University (who was not in office in the United States). Hu Shi wrote back to Peking University to create a library science major. But considering preparations, it was suggested that the year should be postponed. Wang Zhongmin deeply agreed to reply: "books will not be tied up" for a year. When Wang Zhongmin and Hu Shi discussed the establishment of Library Science, they considered the educational situation of Library Science at that time. In order to avoid duplication and lack of high-level librarianship professionals in the country, the aim of library science education was "to create profound talents". At that time, Yuan Tongli, the curator of Beiping library, said: "no public recruitment, only graduates or students from liberal arts in Peking University will reject the students who have not graduated from Peking University."
The Department of Library Science, founded by Peking University, has been in charge of the Department for two years. Wang Zhongmin is the dean of the Department of library science. The Department of Library Science recruited graduates from our university. According to the fourth issue of the special edition of the National Library Science, in the eighty-eighth issue of the 2013 issue, the article of the library history research column Mr. Zhou Jia Jia introduced: the first student of the Peking University Library specialized course has 8 students, and second students 14 students. Only 6 people, such as Huang Houpei and Wan Xifen, appeared in the enrollment and graduation list at the same time, and the rest changed.
After the establishment of Library Science Department of Peking University, Wang Chung min taught for half a day. He still worked in Beiping library for half a day. He also served as a professor in the Chinese Department of Peking University and presided over the teaching of library science section of the Department. He lectures on "general bibliography", "history of Chinese bibliography", "catalogues of Chinese catalogues", "Chinese classics bibliography" and so on. In July 1949, the Higher Education Commission of North China instructed to set up a special branch of Peking University library, with a schooling system for 2 years. In 1951, Wang Zhongmin proposed that the library of Peking University should be changed into a department. In 1951, it was renamed as the Library Department, and the educational system was 4 years. In 1952, the Department adjustment was changed into a library science speciality, and the educational system was 3 years. In 1956, the Ministry of education of the People's Republic of China approved the Department of Library Science of Peking University for 4 years. Wang Zhongmin has also become one of the pioneers of Library Science Education in Chinese universities.