Integrating with mathematical elements, he also joined hands with Supreme, who was very cool.
Escher is not alone in the art of modern art. He has created some ideas that have not been done before. Many scientists and mathematicians were inspired by his printmaking achievements, and even produced a school named Escherian.
Author: Wu Xingwen
I. The Escher's Modernist Escher
Recently, I read "why is this work so expensive" written by Will Campoz, editor in chief of Broadcasting British Corporation BBC Will (Gompertz)? What are You Looking at? 150 Years of Modern Art of in the Blink of an Eye, like the scene of the coffee shop entering the Impressionist painters, or the banquet hosted by Picasso, and some occasional details from the author's imagination, to explore modern art (from 1860s to 1970s) and Contemporary Art (generally recognized as a live artist). The author thinks that many of the works of art produced in this year are indeed - and quite a few - will never be able to withstand the test of the times, but similarly, some works without nameless names will shine brilliantly on some day.
From this point of view, M. C. Escher's prints in the late twentieth Century and early this century, like paintings by Krim and Schiller, were used in advanced stationery, and some geometric and graphic works combining science and art were printed into flat plates for human collage to be painted or polyhedrons. At one time, he was a popular Print Artist at the time. I once printed him as a poster, and I loved it too much, through a friend who gave her to teach in math department. Escher is not alone in the art of modern art. He has created some ideas that have not been done before. Many scientists and mathematicians were inspired by his printmaking achievements, and even produced a school named Escherian.
But Escher never had a student, and if so, they probably only learned some woodcut and lithographic techniques. He had no intention of spreading his ideas, because that would be a disturbance to his continuous exploration. His purpose is to convey his imaginary world through his works. Although there is no Escher School, many art lovers have been inspired by his work, and they are all over the world. No doubt, this is because Escher's creation sparks a mental glow, and his influence has gone beyond a frame or a group of printmaking.
Escher studied architecture, which not only enriched his knowledge of physics and mathematics, especially his geometric principles, but also laid a solid foundation for his descriptive skills. Though the scientific and technological factors, mysterious ideas and mysterious philosophies of his works indicate that he is a modernist artist, he differs from most modernist artists in that his whims and philosophies are expressed through exquisite realism. This makes his art in a profound sense of universal character, not like some abstract paintings, so that ordinary audiences feel puzzled and confused.
Two, try various Printmaking Techniques
In June 17, 1898, Escher was born in Leeuwarder, Holland. In Arnhem high school and under the guidance of F. W. van der Hagen, the first printmaking course took place. Hagen taught him the skills of rubber engraving to develop his printmaking ability. From 1919 to 1922, he studied at the Haarlem School for Architecture and Decorative Art, Haren, and followed Jesulu De, Professor Decorative (de Jessurun Mesquita), to learn printmaking techniques. Professor meescu's strong personality traits have great influence on Escher's future development as a painters.
Escher recalling this period, said: "during that period, woodcut", "Side-grained", usually carved on a pear tree, with a circular chisel. As for printmaking artists, they are more popular than they are now. In addition to my teachers' interest in wood blocks, another reason that I have been grateful to him for a long time is that he taught me how to make good use of this material.
Escher began to learn the rubber version which was easier to start. He didn't study woodblock until 1919. But in 1916, he designed the first book ticket of his life for Bastiaan Kist, who met in the school Bible study class in 1913. He used red and black hemp offset printing plates, and multiplied by 10.3 times 12.3 centimeters. The skeleton sat on the coffin. This kind of works, which is not funny, like death's salute, is dedicated to their classmates. It shows the deep friendship between the two people. In the coming year, the Escher family moved to Villa Rosande of Oosterbeeck, Beck. Here, the "seven facing" living room has become a regular gathering place for friends and friends. Besides designing a pelican book ticket for himself, the green hemp offset printing is printed, and 10.6 times 7.1 centimeters. He also designed another book for his Heleen van Thienen: a book ticket for a pelican.
He designed his first book ticket for his friend in 1916.
In 1919, it was the age of Escher's entry into the army and failed to meet the academic standards. In his letter to Roosje Ingen Housz in the same year, he said, "with economic considerations, I have to choose some wooden blocks for woodcut prints in the form of book tickets." They have thirty "Roses". Actually, he tries all kinds of woodcut prints through these small pieces of wood. So determined to be enthusiastic, Escher made a visit to De Hlfstad and proudly pointed out that the series was selected for the annual exhibition of Artibus Sacrum Society. In fact, a real rose was designed in March of that year for a list of books, 5.2 times 3.3 centimeters.
Book collection designed for house in 1919
In 1922, Escher moved to Italy and settled in Rome two years later. He continued: "in the first seven years of Italy, I only used this material. The side grain wood is very suitable for the large size head, which is much more expensive than the expensive end-grained. In the years when I was young and frivolous, a lot of pear wood blocks had been chiseled, no less than three feet long and two feet wide. It was not until 1929 that stone lithography was made for the first time, and then for the first time in 1931, wood carving was done. During his twelve years in Rome, he made many trips to Abu, rougria, Maffei coast, Calabria, Sicily and so on.
Florence's Renaissance, pagan Greek heritage, and the afterglow of the Rome empire are still reflected in the dialects, customs, tastes and traditions of the Adriatic Sea, South Italy and Rome. Not only is its "Historicity" excellent, but also its "locality" is more attractive, making the "Customs" of the region permanent and self consistent. Because different cultures have been mixed together, art is a tool of change (form), from one form to another, creating Escher's prints in the later stage.
Three. Look for a visual form.
In 1935, he left Italy, stayed in Switzerland for two years, and stayed in Brussels for five years. In Switzerland, Belgium and Holland, he kept building himself, but he also found that the land scenery and buildings in these places were not as gripping as he saw in the southern part of Italy. So he did not want to make a direct or realistic description of the surrounding scenery. The main reason is to leave Italy, especially after 1938, to concentrate on drawing personal thoughts, and finally settled in barn, Holland, in 1941 until he died in March 27, 1972. From then on, the creation process of his printmaking can be divided into two distinct stages.
From 1922 to 1935, Escher explored the characteristics of printmaking materials wholeheartedly and gradually realized that every material had its limitations. Compared with the print works he created in the specific thinking after 1938, it can be seen that there is almost any difference between the two. The former is from his sketches just because it fits his interest in some skill copying skills at the time, and is not much different from the general printmaking. The latter chooses one of the best skills to express the peculiar ideas that fill his mind.
As for the changes in the latter stage, Escher said: "this process starts with finding a visual form to express my personal thinking. Usually, it takes a long time to get my ideas clear. However, the images in the mind are originally two different things from visual images. No matter how much energy is spent, it is impossible to capture the image that is lingering in the real -- in fact, simply invisible. After a long series of trials, and finally, when I want to dry up my intestines, I can finally depict my lovely dream in spite of the lack of details. After finishing the painting, the second stage is to let the picture plate be printed. At this point, only hands left work, my spirit can relax and rest. "
The key is in the first half of 1937, Escher's work was mainly guided by landscape, and it was significantly influenced by mathematics interest in the latter half of the year. Whether in terms of theme or content, it greatly expands the possible dimensions of general images. In graphic print, Escher integrates themes such as mirrors, regular polyhedra, spirals, elements in mathematics, and architecture and animals. In terms of content, apart from the early edition, Isael divides it into nine categories: regular division of plane figures, infinite space, three-dimensional rings and spirals, reflections, reversals, polyhedron, relativity, conflict between plane and space, and impossible buildings.
Four, join hands with Supreme.
Escher never wanted to be isolated from the world, but to disseminate his printmaking art, so that more people could share the excitement and surprise of his creation. For this reason, he has never limited the layout of his works. Once someone needs it, he will deliver his lithograph to print, or personally hand woodcut and print some new copies. If there is a large demand and needs to be produced by ordinary commercial printing, he will grant permission. But after his death, the family set up a management committee, which led to a hundred dollars in his work. In February 9, 1980, susibi was in New York for an auction of Escher's print works collected by W. F. Veldhuysen. Among them, a 106th year old card and a collection of books were recorded together, and the woodblock prints were printed in 1954. The works in 1954 were multiplied by 5.8 centimeters, and the bottom price was four to five hundred dollars.
In May 5, 2017, the world famous street brand Supreme joined the Escher Management Committee to create a joint series on the same day. Escher's unique surrealism of modernism and the perfect combination of street art, including the Mobius belt second, relativity and the three ball number one, are presented in many illustrations such as windbreaker, baseball jersey, Hoodie, T-shirt, shorts and hat. Over the years, the Supreme sale site is overcrowded, this time is no exception, and after the start of the first time on the body. At the usual street stalls in London, Walsh, who knows all about it, paired up his black Nike Air More Uptempo with Supreme and High together with the crowd.
Supreme was born in the autumn of 1994 in Manhattan, New York, USA, founded by James Jebbia. The original intention of Supreme is the highest and the highest. It matches well with the unique and surreal artistic style of Escher. Supreme was the first American street clothing brand combining skateboards, Hip-hop and other skateboards. Subsequently, the influence of Supreme gradually pushed outward and was brought to London by the British trend group GIMME5. In Japan, at that time, Teng Yuan Hao was promoted by the tide Godfather and other people to enter the Japanese market smoothly. Since then, Supreme has been known in Asia for a long time. Become a brand name for the tide family. From outdoor sporting goods Nike, The North Face to fashion brand Ralph Lauren and LV, even the famous director David Lynch worked with Supreme. Robbie Williams made a song in the name of the brand.
Here are three pieces of Escher's works to see what he says.
Mobius belt second
Mobius belt No. second: plate woodcut, made of three pieces of wood, was completed in 1963 and multiplied by 45 centimeters by 20 centimeters. A ring belt without head and tail, usually two different surfaces: one layer, one side. But there are nine ants on the ribbon, one by one, not only on the front but also on the opposite side. Therefore, the ribbon actually has only one surface.
Relativity: lithography, in 1953, multiplied by 28 centimeters by 29 centimeters. In this picture, there are three different gravitational planes, which are perpendicular to each other. The three ground planes are cut into a right angle and intersect with each other.
It is impossible for the occupants of different worlds to walk, sit down or stand on the same floor, because they have different views on horizontal or vertical planes. However, we can share the same staircase. On the top staircase, two people walked in the same direction and walked side by side, but one of them went downstairs and the other went upstairs. There is absolutely no contact between them, because they live in different worlds, so they do not know each other's existence.
"Three balls - number one"
"Three balls - No. 1": wooden wood engraving, 1945, 28 times 17 centimeters. At the top of the picture, show the spatial sense of a sphere as much as possible. But in fact, it is not a ball at all, but a projection of a ball on a piece of paper. It can also be cut into a disc. In the middle of the picture, it is a circle drawn like a paper disc, but it is folded in half, one is vertical, the other is horizontal, and the upper sphere is parked on the horizontal half. At the bottom of the graph, another disk appears, but this time it is not folded. If viewed from the distance, it looks like the surface of a round table.
Five. Surrealistic book collection.
In his book Escher's hallucination art, Escher will be categorized as "eight, relativity". There is a commentary: "as long as we extend the lens to the top or bottom of a building, we can understand that when a building draftsman wants to express all vertical lines, it can only be done in a very simple way -- with the projection method and several parallel lines of perspective. Sometimes it is located at the horizontal, the bottom and the zenith. " Among them, "63. Another world - second is the earliest conceive of relativity in Figure six. The picture can be seen through the interior of a cube building, and from five open walls, these three points can be seen to show different landscapes. This work was completed in 1947. Wooden wood prints were made of three pieces of wood and 31.5 times 26 centimeters.
Another world - No. second.
But in the 6 year of 1946, Escher began to apply to book collection. This collection of books, wooden wood prints, 8 times 6 centimeters. Portrayed from window to sea level. There is an open book and a vase on the windowsill, and the churches and houses extending out of the windowsill combine with the sea level farther away. The reefs and boats that disappear on the sea surface appear on the pages of the open pages, which are rather surreal. Just like Belgian painter Margaret, often mixing the fields outside the windows with the landscape paintings on the shelves makes it difficult to tell whether the real towns or windows are landscapes.
Horizontal vanishing book collection in June 1946
In the works of Margaret, the unity outside the painting is mainly achieved by painting on the easel, while Escher made the surface of the windowsill the same structure as the street, so as to achieve this unity. For Margaret, any logic, any connection with reality is accidental; for Escher, it is purposely pursued. Surrealists have created some puzzling puzzles, and these puzzles must be left to the audience to ponder. For Escher, the most important thing is not the puzzle itself. He hoped that we would appreciate the mystery, but at the same time hoped that we could appreciate the way to solve the mystery.
In 1946 Escher was designed for the Holland book club and served as a new year card.
I paid a few thousand yuan to buy an Escher, in November 1946, in Hague for the first time consciously made the zenith point for the Holland book collection Club produced a small woodcut works, not only can be used as a new year card, but also a beautiful book ticket, wooden wood print, 11.8 times 10.1 centimeters. This work shows that a person is climbing out of a deep well to see the light again. Underneath a row of words, "we will come out", imply that after the two World War, the situation is full of difficulties. It was one of my favorites. It was shot at auction in March 2008 and was taken away by the same team. Although it is a little distressed today, it is also a sharing.